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wiki:linux:ubuntu_20_04_lts

Installation und Konfiguration von Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Ubuntu besorgen

wget https://releases.ubuntu.com/20.04/ubuntu-20.04-desktop-amd64.iso

Grundsystem konfigurieren

Netzwerkeinstellungen

sudo su
cp old_system/etc/NetworkManager/system-connections /etc/NetworkManager/
systemctl restart NetworkManager

SNAP deinstallieren

sudo
apt purge snapd
rm -vrf ~/snap
sudo apt-mark hold snapd

Flatpack installieren

Quellen:

sudo su
apt install flatpak
flatpak remote-add --if-not-exists flathub https://flathub.org/repo/flathub.flatpakrepo
# GUI:
apt install gnome-software-plugin-flatpak

Binaries suchen:

$ which firefox
/usr/bin/firefox
$ which gnome-terminal
/usr/bin/gnome-terminal

verwendete Paketquellen

Applikation URL: Repository/PPA:
Clipit https://github.com/CristianHenzel/ClipIt ppa:afelinczak/ppa
AVIdemux http://fixounet.free.fr/avidemux/ ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/avidemux

Paketquellen - veraltet oder ungetestet in Ubuntu 20.04

  • andreas-diesner-ubuntu-garminplugin-xenial.list –> outdated!
  • fingerprint-ubuntu-fingerprint-gui-xenial.list –> in Ubuntu 20.04 integriert, siehe Einstellungen –> Benutzer
  • fingerprint-ubuntu-fprint-xenial.list –> siehe oben
  • freecad-maintainers-ubuntu-freecad-stable-xenial.list
  • jitsi-stable.list
  • jonathonf-ubuntu-ffmpeg-4-xenial.list
  • jonathonf-ubuntu-meson-xenial.list
  • jonathonf-ubuntu-vlc-3-xenial.list
  • js-reynaud-ubuntu-kicad-4-xenial.list
  • kdenlive-ubuntu-kdenlive-stable-xenial.list
  • librecad-dev-ubuntu-librecad-stable-xenial.list
  • libreoffice-ubuntu-ppa-xenial.list
  • mkusb-ubuntu-ppa-xenial.list
  • musicbrainz-developers-ubuntu-stable-xenial.list
  • nilarimogard-ubuntu-webupd8-xenial.list
  • openjdk-r-ubuntu-ppa-xenial.list
  • pbek-ubuntu-qownnotes-xenial.list
  • pipelight-ubuntu-stable-xenial.list
  • playonlinux.list
  • rebuntu16-ubuntu-avidemux_unofficial-xenial.list
  • riot-im.list
  • savoury1-ubuntu-ffmpeg4-xenial.list
  • savoury1-ubuntu-graphics-xenial.list
  • savoury1-ubuntu-multimedia-xenial.list
  • savoury1-ubuntu-vlc3-xenial.list
  • sebastian-stenzel-ubuntu-cryptomator-xenial.list
  • skunk-ubuntu-pepper-flash-xenial.list
  • teamviewer.list
  • telred.list
  • ubuntu-wine-ubuntu-ppa-xenial.list
  • ufleisch-ubuntu-kid3-xenial.list
  • videolan-ubuntu-master-daily-xenial.list
  • webupd8team-ubuntu-indicator-kdeconnect-xenial.list
  • webupd8team-ubuntu-java-xenial.list
  • webupd8team-ubuntu-nemo3-xenial.list
  • webupd8team-ubuntu-nemo-xenial.list
  • xenial-partner.list

Eigene "Starter" erstellen

generisches Beispiel für eine Anwendung

Beispiele für *.desktop Dateien findet mn hier: /usr/share/applications/.

cd ~
touch .local/share/applications/yourapp.desktop
mcedit .local/share/applications/yourapp.desktop

#
[Desktop Entry]
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Terminal=false
Exec=/path/to/yourapp
Name=YourApp
Comment=Description of YourApp
Icon=/path/to/yourapp.png
#

generisches Beispiel für gruppierte Anwendungen

cd ~
touch .local/share/applications/app-folder.desktop
mcedit .local/share/applications/app-folder.desktop
 
[Desktop Entry]
Name=App folder
Comment=Launch multiple apps from a single launcher
Exec=notify-send "Right click" "to launch your favourite applications!"
Icon=/full/path/to/your/icon-file
Terminal=false
Type=Application
Actions=app1;app2;app3;
 
[Desktop Action app1]
Name=Files
Exec=nautilus
 
[Desktop Action app2]
Name=Text Editor
Exec=gedit
 
[Desktop Action app3]
Name=Terminal
Exec=gnome-terminal

Anwendungen installieren

System-Tools

mkdir -p ~/bin
sudo su
apt-get -y update && apt-get -y dist-upgrade
# essential tools:
apt-get -y install mc synaptic aptitude dconf-editor partitionmanager jfsutils reiser4progs reiserfsprogs gnome-system-tools gparted git libpam-mount ssh libsecret-tools printer-driver-cups-pdf libcanberra-gtk-module libcanberra-gtk3-module cifs-utils smb4k vpnc network-manager-vpnc-gnome
#
# other necessary tools
apt-get -y install brasero gnome-tweak-tool unity-tweak-tool gnome-tweaks keepassx  xfsprogs hfsprogs wireshark chrome-gnome-shell ubuntu-restricted-extras gnome-shell-extensions gpsbabel gpsbabel-gui ffmpeg vlc h264enc xul-ext-lightning qpdfview pdfsam dvbcut avidemux2.7-qt5 python3-podcastparser python3-html5lib

Gnome Panel

GoCryptfs

Encfs wird aktuell nicht gepflegt, gnome-encfs-manager funktioniert nicht korrekt da API ab Ubuntu 19.04 geändert wurde. Ein sehr guter Ersatz ist https://nuetzlich.net/gocryptfs/|gocryptfs.

# gocryptfs - einfch aus dem Ubuntu Repository heraus
apt install gocryptfs

oder zu Fuß:

sudo apt install golang libssl-dev
# als user:
go get -d github.com/rfjakob/gocryptfs
cd $(go env GOPATH)/src/github.com/rfjakob/gocryptfs
./build.bash
sudo cp go/bin/gocryptfs /usr/local/bin/

Konfiguration:

# init and use it:
mkdir ~/.gocryptfs ~/Chr_decrypt
gocryptfs -init ~/.gocryptfs
#
# Passwort im Gnome-Schlüsselbund eintragen - aktuell aber nicht verwendet!
# secret-tool store --label="GoCryptfs" gocryptfs /home/christoph/.gocryptfs
# gocryptfs --extpass="secret-tool lookup gocryptfs /home/christoph/.gocryptfs" ~/.gocryptfs ~/Chr_decrypt

Auto Mount via Startprogramme' - der einfache Weg:
–> Startprogramme:

sh -c "/usr/bin/zenity --password --title="GoCryptFS" | /usr/bin/gocryptfs -q .gocryptfs/ Chr_decrypt/"

Auto Mount via Startprogramme' - der elegante Weg:
–> Startprogramme:

sh -c "~/bin/mount_gocryptfs.sh mount"
mount_gocryptfs.sh
#!/bin/bash
# show zenity dialog to enter password and mount encrypted folder
# sh -c "/usr/bin/zenity --password --title="GoCryptFS" | /usr/bin/gocryptfs -q .gocryptfs/ Chr_decrypt/"
 
action=$1
 
case "$action" in
   mount)
      if [ -e /home/christoph/Chr_decrypt/gocryptfs_Chr_decrypted ]; then
        echo "already mounted"
      else
        echo "mounting .."
        /usr/bin/zenity --password --title="GoCryptFS" | /usr/bin/gocryptfs -q .gocryptfs/ Chr_decrypt/
      fi
      ;;
   umount)
      if [ -e /home/christoph/Chr_decrypt/gocryptfs_Chr_decrypted ]; then
        echo "unmounting ..."
        fusermount -u /home/christoph/Chr_decrypt
      else
        echo "already unmounted"
      fi
         ;;
   *) echo "Command unknown!"
         ;;
esac

USB Security Dongle

Nitrokey

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nitrokey/nitrokey
sudo apt install nitrokey-app

# https://decatec.de/home-server/nextcloud-zwei-faktor-authentifizierung-mit-nitrokey-fido2/
wget https://www.nitrokey.com/sites/default/files/41-nitrokey.rules
sudo mv 41-nitrokey.rules /etc/udev/rules.d/

Solokey

xxx

Yubico Authenticator

  • yubico-ubuntu-stable-xenial.list

Online Banking & Reiner-SCT Kartenleser

Einrichtung des Reiner-SCT CyberJack e-com –> https://wiki.ubuntuusers.de/HBCI_Kartenleser/

apt-get install aqbanking-tools libccid libifd-cyberjack6 libchipcard-data libchipcard-tools libchipcard-libgwenhywfar60-plugins pcsc-tools
pcsc_scan

Jameica & Hibiscus

# install OpenJDK first!
wget https://www.willuhn.de/products/jameica/releases/current/jameica/jameica-linux64.zip
unzip jameica-linux64.zip
./jameica.sh

UNetbootin

sudo su
add-apt-repository ppa:gezakovacs/ppa
aptitude install unetbootin

Epson Perfection V300 Scanner

sudo su
# Treiber herunterladen
wget https://download2.ebz.epson.net/iscan/plugin/gt-f720/deb/x64/iscan-gt-f720-bundle-2.30.4.x64.deb.tar.gz
# ... entpacken ...
tar xfz iscan-gt-f720-bundle-2.30.4.x64.deb.tar.gz
# ... installieren ...
cd iscan-gt-f720-bundle-1.0.1.x64.deb/
./install.sh
# Root PW eingeben ;-)
#
# fehlende UDEV Regel erstellen:
echo "ATTRS{manufacturer}==\"EPSON\", DRIVERS==\"usb\", SUBSYSTEMS==\"usb\", ATTRS{idVendor}==\"04b8\", ATTRS{idProduct}==\"*\", MODE=\"0777\"" >> /etc/udev/rules.d/79-udev-epson.rules
#
# Benutzer der Gruppe scanner hinzufügen:
adduser <user> scanner

Brother HL3170CDW

wget https://download.brother.com/welcome/dlf006893/linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-2.gz
tar xfz linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-2.gz
sudo ./linux-brprinter-installer-2.2.2-2

XXXX

# ppa:tomtomtom/woeusb --> apt-get install woeusb
KRDC
Filezilla
Pyrenamer

Virtualisierung

Wine

xxx

PlayonLinux

xxx

VirtualBox 6.1.x

wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
sudo echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian $(lsb_release -cs) contrib" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/virtualbox.list
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install virtualbox-6.1
#
wget https://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/6.1.8/Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.8.vbox-extpack
sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.1.8.vbox-extpack
sudo adduser $USER vboxusers

Kommunikation & Massanger

Telegram

mkdir ~/bin/Telegram
cd ~/bin/Telegram
wget -O telegram-desktop.tar.xz https://tdesktop.com/linux
tar -Jxf telegram-desktop.tar.xz
./Telegram

Signal

wget -q -O "-" https://updates.signal.org/desktop/apt/keys.asc | sudo apt-key add -
echo "deb [arch=amd64] https://updates.signal.org/desktop/apt xenial main" | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/signal-xenial.list
sudo apt update && sudo apt install signal-desktop

Thunderbird

  • Thunderbird –> bereits vorinstalliert

Office & Co.

Foxit Reader

wget https://cdn01.foxitsoftware.com/pub/foxit/reader/desktop/linux/2.x/2.4/en_us/FoxitReader.enu.setup.2.4.4.0911.x64.run.tar.gz
tar xfz FoxitReader.enu.setup.2.4.4.0911.x64.run.tar.gz
./FoxitReader.enu.setup.2.4.4.0911\(r057d814\).x64.run

Google Chrome

wget -q -O - https://dl.google.com/linux/linux_signing_key.pub | sudo apt-key add -
sudo sh -c 'echo "deb [arch=amd64] http://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb/ stable main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/google-chrome.list'
sudo apt update
sudo apt install google-chrome-stable
# oder:
wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb

weiteres ...

  • LibreOffice –> wird mitgeliefert!
  • LaTex (via Synaptic)
  • Gummi (via Synaptic)
  • TOR Browser Bundle
  • GIMP –> wird mitgeliefert!
  • WikidPad (2.2)

Multimedia

ffmped from source

sudo apt update
sudo apt install libopus-dev libmp3lame-dev libfdk-aac-dev libvpx-dev libx264-dev yasm libass-dev libtheora-dev libvorbis-dev mercurial cmake build-essential
mkdir ~/ffmpeg; cd ~/ffmpeg
hg clone https://bitbucket.org/multicoreware/x265
cd x265/build/linux 
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" cmake -G "Unix Makefiles" -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" -DENABLE_SHARED:bool=off ../../source && PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" 
sudo make && sudo make install
if [ -d ~/ffmpeg ]; then cd ~/ffmpeg; else mkdir ~/ffmpeg && cd ~/ffmpeg; fi
wget -O- http://ffmpeg.org/releases/ffmpeg-snapshot.tar.bz2 | tar xj
cd ~/ffmpeg/ffmpeg
 
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" PKG_CONFIG_PATH="$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib/pkgconfig" \
   ./configure \
  --prefix="$HOME/ffmpeg_build" \
  --pkg-config-flags="--static" \
  --extra-cflags="-I$HOME/ffmpeg_build/include" \
  --extra-ldflags="-L$HOME/ffmpeg_build/lib" \
  --extra-libs="-lpthread -lm" \
  --bindir="$HOME/bin" \
  --enable-gpl \
  --enable-libass \
  --enable-libfdk-aac \
  --enable-libfreetype \
  --enable-libmp3lame \
  --enable-libopus \
  --enable-libtheora \
  --enable-libvorbis \
  --enable-libvpx \
  --enable-libx264 \
  --enable-libx265 \
  --enable-nonfree && \
PATH="$HOME/bin:$PATH" sudo make && sudo make install
...
# check version:
ffmpeg -version
sudo su
apt-get install asunder ripperx eyed3 id3 easytag abcde id3ren kid3 audacity mediainfo mediainfo-gui 
## Kid3-qt (MP3 ID3 Tag Editor) Char Encoding Probleme
  • Kdenlive
  • handbrake
  • Xine
  • Kodi

guvcview

sudo apt-get nstall guvcview v4l-utils
v4l2-ctl --list-devices
HD Pro Webcam C920 (usb-0000:00:14.0-2.2):
	/dev/video2
	/dev/video3
	/dev/media1
 
v4l2-ctl -d /dev/video2 --list-ctrls
v4l2-ctl -d /dev/video2 --set-ctrl=exposure_auto=1
v4l2-ctl -d /dev/video2 --set-ctrl=focus_auto=0

CAD & Mechanik

libreCAD
FreeCAD
eagle 7.7.0
CURA

Coding & Co.

Arduino IDE
gcc
make
python3
Java
kdiff3
wiki/linux/ubuntu_20_04_lts.txt · Zuletzt geändert: 2021/06/05 15:41 von wikimaster